Clown Anemonefish  Amphiprion percula.  Pesce pagliaccio

Amphiprion percula     Clown Anemonefish

Class: Actinopterygii    Family: Pomacentridae.    Genus: Amphiprion.   Size: to 11 cm

Amphiprion percula can be recognized by three white lines across their bright orange bodies, with no distinction in color between sexes. The anterior white bar is placed just behind the eye, the middle bar goes straight down the middle of the fish, and the posterior bar occurs near the caudal fin.  In addition to the white coloring, black edging outlines each fin with varying thickness. 

Pacific and Indian Oceans, off northwest Australia, southeast Asia, and Japan.

Clown Anemonefish  Amphiprion percula.    Pesce pagliaccio

Amphiprion ocellaris    False Clown Anemonefish

Class: Actinopterygii   Family: Pomacentridae    Genus: Amphiprion   Size: to 10 cm

The ocellaris clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris) is also known as the false percula clownfish or common clownfish. Orange with there white bands, middle bar has forward-projecting bulge. Variable amount of black edging on bars and fins. The fish feed on algae, zooplankton, worms, and small crustaceans.

East Indo-Asian Pacific. Australia, Central Indonesia and Philippines.

Clown Anemonefish  Amphiprion percula.   Pesce pagliaccio

Amphiprion ocellaris typically lives in small groups on outer reef slopes or in sheltered lagoons at a maximal depth of 15 meters. It inhabits three different species of sea anemones: Heteractis magnifica, Stichodactyla gigantea and Stichodactyla mertensii and have symbiotic relationships with the anemone.

Clark's Anemonefish  Amphiprion clarkii.      pesce pagliaccio

Amphiprion clarkii    Clark's Anemonefish

Class: Actinopterygii    Family: Pomacentridae     Genus: Amphiprion   Size: to 9 cm

Clark's anemonefish shows the greatest color variations of any anemonefish, with variations based on location, sex, age and host anemone. Adults in Vanuatu and New Caledonia are orange-yellow with two vertical white bands. Sex related color differences may be present, such as the female having a white caudal fin and the male having a yellow caudal fin. Usually it is black dorsally and orange-yellow ventrally, the black areas becoming wider with age.

Indo-West Pacific. Australia, Micronesia, New Caledonia and Fiji.

Clark's Anemonefish  Amphiprion clarkii.    Pesce pagliaccio

Clownfish or anemonefish are fishes that, in the wild, form symbiotic mutualisms with sea anemones and are unaffected by the stinging tentacles of the host anemone. The sea anemone protects the clownfish from predators, as well as providing food through the scraps left from the anemone's meals and occasional dead anemone tentacles. In return, the clownfish defends the anemone from its predators, and parasites.

Macrodactyla doreensis long-tentacle anemone

Pink Anemonefish  Amphiprion perideraion.   Pesce pagliaccio

Amphiprion perideraion    Pink Anemonefish

Class: Actinopterygii    Family: Pomacentridae    Genus: Amphiprion    Size: to 10 cm

The body of Pink Anemonefish is pink to peach. It has the white stripe along the dorsal ridge that is common to all members of the skunk complex and a white head bar running vertically just behind the eye.

Indo-West Pacific. Australia, Micronesia, New Caledonia and Fiji.

Pink Anemonefish  Amphiprion perideraion.     Pesce pagliaccio
Pink Anemonefish  Amphiprion perideraion.      Pesce pagliaccio

 It is a sequential hermaphrodite with a strict size-based dominance hierarchy; the female is largest, the breeding male is second largest, and the male nonbreeders get progressively smaller as the hierarchy descends.

Pink Anemonefish  Amphiprion perideraion.    Pesce pagliaccio

The relationship between anemonefish and their host sea anemones is not random and instead is highly nested in structure

Paolo Cudicini

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