Sepia bandensis Pygmy Cuttlefish.
Phylum: Mollusca Cephalopoda Order: Sepiida. Family: Sepiidae Size: to 5 cm
Small, can display a variety of muted colors. It walks along the bottom, using its third pair of arms and back mantle flaps. It is active at night when it hunts small fish and crustaceans.Inhabit reefs and rubble flats. It is often found close to echinoderms where it finds prey easily.
West Pacific from Indonesia and Philippines to Papua New Guinea.
Cuttlefishes are noted for the unusual color of their blood. It’s blue-green because it’s copper-based, not iron-based like human blood. Cuttlefishes also have three separate hearts: two dedicated to their pair of gills, and one for the rest of their bodies.
Cuttlefish are also called "marine chameleons" for their ability to change their color and pattern in the blink of an eye.
Sepia latimanus Boadclub Cuttlefish
Phylum: Mollusca Class: Cephalopoda Order: Sepiida Family: Sepiidae Size: to 50 cm
The broadclub cuttlefish is the second largest cuttlefish species. They displays a wide repertoire of colors and patterns. Expert at camouflage using color change and skin flaps. The eyes are yellow around the ventral margins and the fins are pale with white, transverse stripes extending onto mantle and narrow, white bands along outer margins. Day active on coral reefs to 30 m.
West Pacific from Indonesia to N. Australia., also Japan.
Sepia latimanus is a coastal species occurring in coral reefs and which is found in shallow water to depths of 30 m. Generally be approached with caution movements.
Juvenile Broadclub Cuttlefish. Juveniles measuring approximately 2.5 cm.
Metasepia pfefferi Flamboyant Cuttlefish
Phylum: Mollusca Class: Cephalopoda Order: Sepiida Family: Sepiidae Size: to 8 cm
Brown and white with red and yellow highlights. Can be quite colorful when excited, bur usually display muted tones. The flesh of this colorful cephalopod contains unique acids, making it unsuitable for consumption. Metasepia pfefferi has been recorded from sand and mud substrate in shallow waters at depths of 3 to 86 m.
West Pacific from Malaysia, Philippines and Indonesia to Papua Guinea and Australia.
The species is active during the day and has been observed hunting fish and crustaceans. It employs complex and varied camouflage to stalk its prey.