Hippocampus  Bargibanti. Pygmy Sea Horse. Cavalluccio Marino

Hippocampus bargibanti     Pygmy Seahorse

Class: Actinopterygii  Order: Syngnathiformes    Family: Syngnathidae    Genus: Hippocampus.   Size: to 2 cm

It is tiny, and lives exclusively on fan corals. There are two known color variations: grey with red tubercles, and yellow with orange tubercles. Solitary or form small groups.The pygmy seahorse is well camouflaged and extremely difficult to spot amongst the gorgonian coral it inhabits. Adults are usually found in pairs or clusters of pairs, with up to 28 pygmy seahorses recorded on a single gorgonian. As with other seahorses, the male carries the young. Breeding occurs year-round.

S.Japan and Indonesia to N.Australia and New Caledonia.

Hippocampus  Bargibanti. Pygmy Sea Horse. Cavalluccio Marino
Hippocampus  Bargibanti. Pygmy Sea Horse. Cavalluccio Marino
Hippocampus  Bargibanti. Pygmy Sea Horse. Cavalluccio Marino
Hippocampus  Bargibanti. Pygmy Sea Horse. Cavalluccio Marino

Yellow Hippocampus bargibanti on Muricella plectana ( Gorgonian coral polyps ).

Hippocampus  Bargibanti. Pygmy Sea Horse. Cavalluccio Marino

Red Hippocampus bargibanti on Muricella plectana ( Gorgonian coral polyps ).

Hippocampus  Denise    Pygmy Sea Horse.    Cavalluccio Marino

Hippocampus denise      Denise's Pygmy Seahorse

Class: Actinopterygii       Order: Syngnathiformes      Family: Syngnathidae     Genus: Hippocampus     Size: to 1.5 cm 

Tiny, yellowish brown, similar to Hippocampus bargibanti but lack pronunciate tubercles. Solitary or form small groups. Denise's pygmy seahorse uses adaptive camouflage, changing its color to match that of the surrounding gorgonians. It feeds on small crustaceans and other zooplankton. Inhabit the blades of gorgonian sea fans Acantogorgra sp. and Annella sp, to 70 m.

Western Pacific, including Indonesia, Vanuatu, Palau, Malaysia and the Solomon Islands.

Hippocampus  Denise    Pygmy Sea Horse.    Cavalluccio Marino
Leafy Seadragon.    Phycodurus eques.  Sea Dragon.

Phycodurus eques    Leafy Seadragon      Bremen Bay. Australia

Class: Actinopterygii   Order: Syngnathiformes   Family: Syngnathidae   Genus: Phycodurus   Size: to 20 cm 

The name is derived from the appearance, with long leaf-like appendance  coming from all over the body and they are  some of the most ornately camouflaged creatures on the planet. Adorned with their leaf-shaped appendages, they are perfectly outfitted to blend in with the seaweed and kelp formations, 

Endemic to the waters off south and east Australia. 

Leafy Seadragon.    Phycodurus eques.   Sea Dragon.

Phycodurus eques are closely related to seahorses and pipefish and, as with sea horses, sea dragon males are responsible for childbearing. 

Hippocampus Histrix    Spyny Seahorse.     Cavvalluccio marino

Hippocampus Histrix    Spyny Seahorse

Class: Actinopterygii   Order: Syngnathiformes    Family: Syngnathidae    Genus: Hippocampus.   Size: to 17 cm 

The body is slender, elongated and completely covered with thorns. The head is also provided with numerous spines especially on the forehead, the base of the cheeks, the nose and above the eyes. It is ovoviviparous and the female uses an ovipositor to transfer her eggs into an enclosed pouch under the abdomen of the male.

Australia, Bali, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia and Japan.

Hippocampus Histrix.    Spyny Seahorse.      Cavalluccio marino

Hippocampus Histrix.    Spyny Seahorse.

Paolo Cudicini

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