Carcaridon carharias Great White Shark
Phylum: Chordata Class: Chondrichthyes Family: Lamnidae Genus: Carcharodon spp.
Size: Female: 4.5 – 6.4 m (Adult). Male: 3.4 – 4.1 m (Adult). They generally weigh up to 2250 kg
Great whites are the largest predatory fish on Earth. They are streamlined, torpedo-shaped swimmers with powerful tails that can propel them through the water at speeds of up to 24 km per hour. They can even leave the water completely, breaching like whales when attacking prey from underneath.
Great White Sharks live and hunt on the coast of every continent in the world the except Antarctica.
Highly adapted predators, their mouths are lined with up to 300 serrated, triangular teeth arranged in seven rows, and they have an exceptional sense of smell to detect prey. They even have organs that can sense the tiny electromagnetic fields generated by animals.When Great White Sharks are young, they feed on smaller prey, like fish and rays. As they grow larger, they feed more exclusively on marine mammals, such as sea lions, seals and small whales.
Great White Sharks are blue-gray on the dorsal, or top, part of their bodies. This helps them blend in with the bottom of the ocean when viewed from above. The belly, or ventral part of the body, is white. This makes it difficult to see the sharks from below, with sunlight shining in around them. Like most shark species, female Great White Sharks grow much larger than the males.
The great white is at the top of the food chain and has few threats in the ocean. Only orcas and larger sharks can pose a risk. The only other risk to the great white shark is human interaction. They are sometimes caught by accident in fishing nets or intentionally sought out by sport fisherman. Their jaws and fins are sold for considerable amounts of money.
Found in cool, coastal waters throughout the world, there is no reliable data on the great white's population. However, scientists agree that their number are decreasing precipitously due to overfishing and accidental catching in gill nets. The great white shark is listed as vulnerable by the IUCN Red List, but it is on the cusp of being labeled endangered due to overfishing.